Realty: economy, management 2/2013

Improving housing legislation by introducing a non-profit institute hiring and rental of residential premises - a condition for solving the housing problems of the citizens of Russia

  • Khovanskaya Galina Petrovna - State Duma Committee of Russian Federation on Housing Policy and Housing; Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) - Chairman of State Duma Committee of Russian Federation on Housing Policy and Housing, Honourable Doctor of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE)
  • Samosudova Natal’ya Vasil’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) - Ph.D. in Economics, Professor, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management

6-9

This article discusses issues related to the improvement of the provisions of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation in the field of employment premises. Revealed the positive and negative aspects of the current provisions of the Housing Code in the provision of housing under contracts of social hiring . Changes to the housing legislation related to the need of introducing the institution of hiring non-commercial (rental) housing, which will allow a significant part of the population to improve their living conditions through state legislative regulations.

  • non-profit employment;
  • housing;
  • relationships;
  • landlords;
  • the renter;
  • tenant;
  • tenants ;
  • the poor;
  • low- backed;
  • legislation ;
  • social norms;
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Environmental engineering - the strategic direction of construction and operation of real estate in Russia

  • Romakina Raisa Alekseevna - «NASO Zhilishchnaya Strategiya» - Candidate of Economic Science, Vice-president

10-13

This article discusses problems associated with the requirements to improve the quality of construction of residential properties, their comfort and environmental safety, energy efficiency by reducing the consumption of energy resources, using of renewable as well as non-conventional energy resources. The experience of the USA (The U.S. Green Building Council - USGBC) is shown as an example of interaction between the government, non-governmental, public and non-profit organizations to ensure the reliability of the design and building operation. The primary task of the Council was the development of LEED navigating the standards, codes, and rating systems in building industry as well as proposals for the modernization of the existing certification system. The article also discusses the Russian approaches to this problem, in particular, the creation of a legislative framework to regulate the quality requirements for the construction and operation of buildings, the possibility of organizing non-profit organizations to strengthen the implementation of ecologically safe technologies. The main recommendations for the development of ecofriendly construction in Russia are based on the «Round Table» discussions of the State Duma Committee on housing policy and city management.

  • strategy;
  • ecological safety;
  • energoefficiency;
  • ecological technology;
  • LEED standards;
  • reiting system;
  • «green « buildings;
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Persprctive of development of the organization innovation and technology of housing at the regional level

  • Grabovyy Petr Grigor’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) - Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management
  • Gusakova Elena Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management
  • Krygina Aleftina Mikhaylovna - Southwest State University - Ph.D. in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture

14-19

Energy efficiency and environmental requirements for residential construction is an actual institutional and organizational task. In the contemporary globally unstable economy conditions it's solution can and should be considered as a basis for the strategy of sustainable development, particularly at the regional level. The potential of energy-and resource-and eco-efficiency realizing in housing demands of scientific research methodology, organization and innovation throughout the cycle of reproduction of residential real estate as well as the competitive territorial-reproductive systems in construction, implement a strategy to increase energy efficiency and environmental requirements for the construction and operation of buildings. The article presents the organizational and managerial models derived from research conducted by the authors in MGSU at the Department of Civil Engineering Organization and Real Estate Management.

  • The region innovative potential;
  • Green Building;
  • Energy and resource saving;
  • Region sustainable development strategy;
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Finland: Nature - Culture - Cities - Architecture

  • Pavlova Liya Iosifovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) - Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management

20-25

The article is devoted to the architectural and building culture of Finland, the SCP planning and construction, landscape organization of space. The most interesting monuments, buildings and cities.

  • architectural and building culture;
  • SCP planning and construction;
  • the monuments;
  • the organization of space;
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Anti-Corruption Charter of Russian Business - the basis of national entrepreneurship

  • Basin Efim Vladimirovich - National Association of Builders; Committee of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation on business in the construction industry - Doctor of Economic Science, President of the National Association of Builders, Chairman of the Committee of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation on business in the construction industry

26-31

In order to increase the participation of the business community in fighting corruption and developing norms of honest and incorruptible business of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation, the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, the All-Russian Public Organization of Small and Medium Enterprises “SUPPORT RUSSIA “ All-Russian public organization “Business Russia “ were developed Corruption Charter of Russian Business and roadmap for its implementation.

  • anti-corruption charter;
  • business;
  • entrepreneurship;
  • corruption;
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Effect of transfer of innovative technologies for construction, reconstruction and operation of real estate activities in providing public programs in Moscow on energy conservation and environmental safety

  • Korol’ Elena Anatol’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management

32-35

One of the most important priorities of government science and technology policy is energy saving and energy efficiency, which is a significant resource in the field of real estate operation. A new stage in the development of the modern metropolis in the implementation of government programs in Moscow is characterized by the use of high-tech innovation, including in the field of construction, renovation and operation of real estate. Regional policy of energy saving takes both interests of the population and other consumers into account and is aimed at improving the environmental situation.

  • energy efficiency;
  • environmental friendliness;
  • innovative construction technology;
  • government programs;
  • energy products;
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Methods of accounting of capacity unlocks into economic evaluation of energy saving measures in housing

  • Pavlov Evgeniy Igorevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) - assistants, Department of Economics and Management in Construction

36-40

The article discusses the problem of economic evaluation of energy-saving measures in housing. It states that energy capacity unlock isn't one of purposes of most energy-saving projects that realize in residential sector at the present time and capacity benefits don't take into account during investment and economic assessment of such projects in Russia. Capacity unlock is an accompanying effect of overwhelming majority of energy-saving projects. And it's assessment can sufficiently increase the economic efficiency of project. In article the mathematical model of life-cycle cost (LCC) of building is considered. This model is commonly used to evaluate energy-saving measures in residential buildings in USA and European countries. But this model also don't consider capacity benefits explicitly. It justifies the need of such consideration when energy-saving measures in existing housing stock are evaluated. It offers two methods to take capacity unlock effect into account in LCC-model. The first method considers this effect as a function of price of new energy capacity (connection to the grid, construction of new power plant, etc.) in region if it's commercial realization is possible. The second method considers the factors that influences at value of government subsidies of capacity unlock in housing if there aren't market subjects that want to buy it. In conclusion the algorithm for estimating the cost-effectiveness of energy efficiency measures (projects) at the existing housing stock are offers to apply in practice the methods that have been designed.

  • energy efficiency;
  • LCC;
  • LCCA;
  • energy capacity unlock;
  • energy-saving;
  • housing stock;
  • life-cycle cost analysis;
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Features of accounting and valuation of fixed assets

  • Pogrebnoy Igor’ Yakovlevich - VFEU - Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, The Head of Department

41-44

In the article the considered questions of features of record-keeping and leadthrough of estimation of the fixed assets of enterprises are at creation apeak computer-integrated sistemno- of the oriented structures. Considered features of determination of fair market value of the fixed assets with the purpose of its reflection in information of record-keeping in the process of restructuring and association of of the same type productions in apeak computer-integrated system-oriented structure for the transfer of property from balances of separate productions on balance of association. The special approaches are offered for establishment of the real cost of assets of enterprises with the purpose of improvement of record-keeping at creation apeak computer-integrated sistemno- of the oriented structures, coming from the necessity of determination of utility, accordingly, subsequent use of assets of enterprise.

  • record-keeping;
  • fixed assets;
  • market value;
  • balance;
  • restructuring;
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Risk Management in Sustainable Building Council

  • Popel’nyukhov Sergey Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) - Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management

50-55

Effective management of Sustainable Building Council under current conditions is not possible without the use of special methods of analysis and governance risk. The number and variety of risk factors that weaken the conditions of a hundred - BEATER of developer -builder, especially for foreign Sustainable Building Council , are increasing, so the overall risk management function has become one of the main conditions and the leading role to ensure organizational and economic sustainability of such a construction.

  • Green Building;
  • zhizneustoychivye building;
  • risk management;
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Development of municipal land development of a complex housing estate of the territory

  • Manukhina Lyubov’ Andreevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) - Assistant, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management

56-58

In article the author considers the main tendencies of development of municipal land development of a complex housing estate in Russia, conducts research of paramount tasks of the developer organization beginning the investment project of a complex residential development of the territory. Now across all Russia low liquidity of the land plots for their complex development is observed. Such situation is explained by not rather developed and worked mechanism of land development at the level of municipal and public administration. Carried out by the author, within this article the analysis of existing tendencies of a housing estate in the Russian Federation, showed that rates of input of housing can be provided not for the account of “dy-ing-away dot building”, and by accumulation of volumes of a complex residential development of territories by the large developer organizations with support of the state and municipal authorities. In article the author describes the flexible integration model based on spatial interpretation of the main functions of municipalities. The received flexible integration model will allow to define the main directions of development of territories of the city, to estimate existing market mechanisms of formation of this or that function of municipality, and also on the basis of the received results to define projects of development the territories demanding intervention and participation of the municipal and public administration.

  • complex housing estate of the territory;
  • municipal land development;
  • investment appeal;
  • efficiency;
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The mechanism for closing unproductive communities in the Far North and equivalent areas

  • Lunyakov M.A.
  • Starovoytov Andrey Stanislavovich - Russian Housing Development Foundation, 4 Slavyanskaya ploshchad', Moscow, Russian Federation - Head of the Department of Construction, Building Technologies and Construction Materials Industry

59-64

Termination of centralized financing of mining and processing industries, breach of former industrial relations and relations , a sharp decline in demand for its products , high transport rates , changes in market demands and competitive products - all of this has caused a deep decline in activity of economic development of natural resources in the North and the production as a whole , led to a number of negative social and economic consequences for most areas of the North. These include , on the one hand - a sharp increase in budget expenditures for the maintenance of the remaining activities for the maintenance of public utilities, life support systems and social services in general. On the other hand - the prolonged restructuring, reduction or elimination of the production , the emergence and growth of unemployment, growing social tensions.

  • housing;
  • Far North ;
  • human settlements development;
  • socio -economic development;
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Formation of the ecosteady city inhabited environment

  • Sychev Igor’ Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) - Postgraduate student, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management

65-73

In article approaches to formation of the ecosteady city inhabited environment taking into account actual problems of a town-planning development of the city of Moscow at the present stage - effective use of territorial reserves in “Old Moscow”, and also accession of new territories are opened. At the heart of the concept of an ecosteady urban environment is search of science-based forms of development of the inhabited environment. Level of improvement and ratio of the built-up and vacant territory that is caused by the territorial characteristic of each of forms of development of the inhabited environment belong to indicators of ecostability, first of all. In town planning modeling of process and object of research is one of the most effective forms of experimenting. The methodical approach offered in the real research based on search of the territorial and spatial analogs (TSA) of town-planning conditions and characteristics of the territory of city building, proceeds from experience of modeling at the solution of various town-planning tasks. TSA selection criteria are formulated, the process of search of TSA is described for forecasting on the basis of the revealed regularities of a form and parameters of development of the inhabited environment of the studied territory.

  • ecosteady urban environment;
  • territorial and spatial analog;
  • TSA;
  • modeling;
  • quarter;
  • residential district;
  • high-rise multipurpose island;
  • parameters of development of the inhabited environment;
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The main stages of formation and development of the historical industrial environment of the city of Moscow

  • Ol’ga Andreevna Sakharova - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) - Postgraduate student, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management

74-77

In article was made prescrutation of main stages of forming and development of urban environment, which was occupied with industrial area,existing in time of industrial advance and exerted significant influence on forming of city silhouette.

  • historical industrial environment of the city;
  • regeneration;
  • reconstruction;
  • industrial building;
  • industrial zones;
  • industrial revolution of the XIX century;
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Modeling framework of risk management strategy developer-builder on the foreign construction market

  • Popel’nyukhov Sergey Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) - Candidate of Economic Science, Associate Professor, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management
  • Grabovyy Petr Grigor’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) - Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management

78-81

The question of bases of risk management for the enterprises builders is one of the most difficult both in legal, and in economic literature. Important aspect of development of a control system of risks at adoption of strategic decisions is their identification, classification and an assessment of their extent of influence.

  • integrated indicators of risks;
  • the enterprises builders;
  • strategic planning;
  • maximizing arrived;
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Innovative actions for energy resources saving in housing and communal services sphere

  • Semenov Viktor Nikolaevich - Voronezh State Architectural & Construction University - Doctor of Economic Science, Head of the Department of City Construction and Economy
  • Slesarev Andrey Nikolaevich - Voronezh State Architectural & Construction University - Postgraduate Student of the Department of City Construction and Economy

82-87

Solutions of economy of fuel and energy resources at the expense of introduction of innovative actions in municipal municipal economy are considered.

  • energy efficiency;
  • Innovations;
  • energy resources saving;
  • housing and communal services;
  • energy resource;
  • potential;
  • master plan;
  • development programs;
  • program method;
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It’s time to change priorities: from QMS on paper to real system of the guarantee of safety and quality of construction production

  • Ivanov Nikolay Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) - Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Information Systems, Technologies and Automation in Civic Engineering

88-90

The main subject of this article is problems of decision making while managing non-conformities in quality management systems (QMS) of construction industry enterprises. The paper analyzes specific features of decision making process in quality management systems. It describes a model of control of non-conformity, which is applicable to selection of preventive action. It addresses main stages related to the process control system aimed at prevention of occurrences of potential inconsistencies between product quality and process parameters and system requirements or non-compliance of quality management system's functionality with the requirements specified in documents QMS and GOST R ISo 9001-2008.

  • quality management system;
  • quality management principles;
  • decision making;
  • inconsistencies;
  • root cause of inconsistencies;
  • corrective action and preventive action (CAPA);
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Attracting investment in industry and construction industry -a way to strengthen the state’s economy

  • Mulyar Vladimir Yur’evich - Bank IBA-Moscow «International Bank of Azerbaijan-Moscow» - Postgraduate studies, Associate, Investment department

91-96

Over the last 20 years, during that Russia Federation is under the influence of market rules, the industrial capacity of the country has fallen to critically low level. Current level of physical deterioration and obsolescence reaches an average of 60% in manufacturing sector, which is confirmed by statistical and analytical data from open sources. The existing situation is a threat to the economic security of the state and requires immediate attention to restore the industrial capacity of the national economy. International experience shows that there isn't any ready-made solution for such structural issues. Considering features of economic system of Russia and historical heritage of the USSR, will require the development of innovative integrated approach, consisting of a set of elements: such as changes in tax low and approval of a new economic doctrine.

  • Modernization;
  • infrastructure;
  • industrial capacity;
  • macroeconomics;
  • capital endowment;
  • physical deterioration;
  • obsolescence;
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Innovative solutions for complex construction of the Olympic Games in Sochi - the work on the future of the country and the region

  • Belyakov Sergey Igorevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) - Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management
  • Solntsev Evgeniy Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) - Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management

97-100

The paper identifies a number of strategic objectives in preparation for the Winter Olympic Games in Sochi. We describe innovative solutions for complex construction of the Olympic Games.

  • infrastructure;
  • innovative solutions;
  • Winter Olympic Games;
  • communication;
  • barrier-free environment;
  • green standards;
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Integrated approach to creation of the control system by the construction organizations on the basis of the international standards

  • Petrova Svetlana Nicolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) - Candidate in Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Information Systems, Technologies and Automation in Civil Engineering

101-104

The enough much modern standards of quality management appeared presently - from standards on a management by quality of financial processes to the standards of management by quality of operating processes, the mechanism of adjusting of market, conforming to the requirements of WTO, lines up on the basis of that. These standards are base, and a certificate of accordance often is them admission to this market. Educational literature in that totality of requirements of these standards and place of their use was complex examined in the process of management by building organizations is absent at the same time. In the article a complex idea is given about the modern methods of management by organizations on the base of the use of international standards and of model technologies quality.

  • qualitatively guided organization;
  • principles and standards of quality management;
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Foreign Experience of the introduction of modern “green” technologies in the construction and housing and communal services

  • Kotlyar Violetta Yur’evna - LLC “Zelenye tekhnologii” - director

105-107

This article gives a brief review of the experience in California. California has an unbeatable combination of forward-looking politics of government officials , innovative technology and active public support. By the example of San Francisco, the leading city in the field of the nature protection, recycling programs, and healthy lifestyle it is setting standards for “green” technology in construction and municipal services. With new mandates for “green” building, renewable energy and “environmentally preferable” purchasing, California has made a strong commitment to a “green” future. The initiative, launched in San - Francisco has spread across the state and led to the legislation of federal laws designed to persistent implementation of the “green” way of life in all spheres of activity, the revision of standards for new construction and alterations of existing buildings on the terms of preferential government lending projects. “Clean” technology leads to the improvement of the ecological situation on the planet providing an opportunity to create a healthier planet for the future generations.

  • “Green’ technology;
  • “green’ standards;
  • environmental protection;
  • environmentally friendly materials;
  • ecology;
  • recycling;
  • construction;
  • resources;
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RICS Membership is recognition of quality among professionals of real estate, construction industry and valuation

  • Kulakov Kirill Yur’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) - Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management

108-111

At the article provides an analytical overview of the activities RICS (Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors) - a globally recognized international organization of real estate professionals, land use and construction. Giving a brief history of the RICS, its mission and objectives, statistical data, the benefits of membership in the RICS, information about the educational and professional standards of RICS, its regional offices, including in Russia. Particular attention is devoted to cooperation between MGSU and RICS, as well accreditation of educational programs at the Department of OSUN MGSU under the RICS.

  • RICS (Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors);
  • the mission and purpose of the RICS;
  • the benefits of membership of the RICS;
  • Evaluation Standards RICS (Red Book);
  • RICS specialization;
  • the National Association of RICS Russia & CIS;
  • MGSU cooperation and RICS;
  • accreditation of training courses MGSU at RICS;
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The problems of establishing and imposing a tax on real estate

  • Lukinov Vitaliy Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) - Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Head of Department of National Economy and Appraisal of Business

117-119

This article provides guidelines for establishing the elements of real estate tax for individuals, which is scheduled to enter since 01.01.2014. The basis for the development of project proposals was a new local tax, which was discussed in the State Duma. While researching this problem and develop recommendations for improving the project of real estate tax for individuals used the theory and practice of international taxation of real estate, as well as the characteristics of the formation and disbursement of municipal budgets.

  • law of real estate tax;
  • the Tax Code;
  • the methods of real estate valuation ;
  • cadastral value ;
  • tax rates and exemptions;
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Comparative analysis of security of citizens comfortable housing in Russia and abroad

  • Manukhina Lyubov’ Andreevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) - Assistant, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management
  • Kurakova Oksana Anatol’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) - Candidate of Economic Science, Associate Professor, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management

120-127

Review the situation in the housing market today and what programs the government is implementing to address the pressing problems of the citizens of the Russian Federation, compared to the figures of our country with the level of security and comfort of living of citizens in some foreign countries.

  • housing;
  • living comfort;
  • environment;
  • housing market;
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Real estate of railway transport of Russia

  • Volkov Boris Andreevich - Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT) - Doctor of Economic Science, Professor
  • Solovyov Vyacheslav Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT) - Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

128-130

In the article the questions of origin and development of legal and property relations in the sphere of real estate of the Russian railway transport . Describes the main features of real estate management.

  • real estate;
  • transport;
  • Railways;
  • management;
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Apartments - development prospect

  • Kostrikin Pavel Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) - senior lecturer
  • Buadze Elizaveta Revazovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) - Postgraduate student

131-136

Until quite recently “apartments” - the new product on the real estate market did not provoke special interest while today these objects can worthily withstand competition on the housing market. The article highlights the following issues: fundamental provisions and legal status of apartments; background of origination of such an ambiguous object of investment on the real estate market; merits and demerits for developers in the course of realization of projects on apartment construction; range of consumers the product is targeted at; classification of apartments according to various criteria; peculiarities of taxation of the kind of property under consideration; risks the investors and purchasers may encounter. Weighted average price through the city is calculated on the basis of analytical data on average level of prices of apartments and statistics data on distribution of space volumes of existing objects according to districts of Moscow. The authors make focus on a range of legal, economic and social problems causing difficulties in the course of realization of investment projects on construction of apartments for developers and making decision on purchase thereof by potential consumers.

  • construction;
  • real estate;
  • apartments;
  • developer;
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The modern way of development by implementing green building in Moscow of the “ Green (live) Office » WWF

  • Samosudova Natal’ya Vasil’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) - Candidate of Economic Science, Professor, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management
  • Manukhina Lyubov’ Andreevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) - Docent, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management
  • Shushunova Natal’ya Sergeevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering - a student of 5th year

137-140

The article deals with topical issues concerning the construction and operation of office buildings with modern energy-efficient and environmentally friendly technologies. Are specified in accordance with Russian law, the concept of “ energy efficiency" and “ green” . Experience of implementation of the investment project of construction of the first in Moscow on the street Nikoloyamskaya “green" office, the so-called “Live Office » WWF ( Eco-house ) .

  • energy efficiency;
  • environmental friendliness;
  • land resources ;
  • sources of livelihood;
  • the natural environment;
  • the priority development of heat loss;
  • ecohouse ;
  • the “green house”;
  • “live office ’;
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