The paper will explore the opportunities and very real benefits that could be afforded not only to professionals working in land, property and construction but also to clients, the public and society more generally by the setting, promotion and monitoring of international standards on ethics.
- International ethical standards;
- client and public protection;
The article reveals the content of the system surveying as a general scientific approach to research, variant design, analysis and examination of such a layered object as a city with its environment. The secrets of the origin and development of cities perhaps hidden in genetics and the nature of any city as a separate individuality. The analysis of history of emergence and development of settlements is carried out for establishment of regularities of the device of a form, the functional contents and typology of the city. The most ancient concept of “city-microcosm” formed the basis of the cosmic theory. It recognizes that a form of any settlement there is “a model of a magic order” establishing connection between the person and heavenly forces by the statement on Earth of a harmonious order inherent in Space. These patterns formed the basis of the concept plans almost all Russian cities and formed the style and typology compact city structure. In the early nineteenth century classics utopian socialist Fourier, Owen, Saint-Simon and their students came to the circle and the square in search of the optimal form of the city. In their point of view the circle and the square are the most geometrically equivalent figures for the possibility of using space that meant justice for all citizens. Some postulates of the utopians making a basis of town-planning culture served as a starting point for “La Ville radieuse” of Le Corbusier and “Garden city” of E. Howard. The appeal to history of emergence of the medieval cities showed that their form or inherited a regularity and clearness of the plan of the Roman settlements, or developed naturally, submitting to a relief, district geography, mutually placement of the major objects. Thus, on the basis of the study, there are two approaches to creating the form of the city: 1. properly planned rectangular and polyg onal cities or city that has preserved a regular plan; 2. inevitable radial-circular centric system; 3. with the growth of the city suburbs grow and often there is a combination of the first two techniques: regular plan with the radial-circular system development of the city.
- urban environment;
- genetics of the city;
- cosmic theory;
- round city;
- square city;
- Le Corbusier;
- Middle Ages;
- regular plan;
- radial and ring system;
- compact city;
The article shows the role of the modern urban systems in the global economy. The importance of the urban environment quality as the most important factor of global cities competitiveness for investment and human capital is recognized. For the first time the concept of urban surveying is introduced. His essence as a system of professional management of urban property for the common interests is discovered. The conception and basic principles of urban surveying are disclosed, including urban planning, urban adjustment, urban development, urban facilities construction and municipal budgeting. It is concluded that urban surveying will lead to the high quality of the urban environment and advance the cities competitiveness in the global competition.
- urban environment;
- urban system;
- urban management;
- urban land and property;
- urban surveying;
The paper describes an approach to the quantitative assessment of non-income risk of the investment on the basis of a retrospective analysis of the financial activities of the investor.
- the economic indicators of the investment project;
- project profitability;
- project finance;
The Federal law No.214 on Participation in joint funding construction of apartment buildings and other objects of real estate adopted in December 2004 has greatly contributed to settlement of many problems on the market of housing construction but still has not resolved all pressing issues. To improve the situation, amendments, effective as of January 1, 2014, have been made to the federal law No. 214. The essence of these norms is that staring from this year, fulfillment of obligations of a builder to transfer apartments to holders along with collateral shall be mandatorily secured by bank guarantee or public indemnity insurance. The authors have analyzed all the aspects related to the means suggested by the law, in particular: requirements to be met by banking and insurance institutions that can offer builders collateral for obligations under co-investment agreement; cost and conditions of granting a bank guarantee and certificate of insurance, etc. The paper also deals with new standards on acknowledgment of holders as aggrieved in the result of actions of developers within the frame of participatory interest in construction as well as with the prospects of requirements under elaboration to financial condition of builders attracting funds of citizens. The authors have made conclusion on the nature of influence of legislative innovations and norms under elaboration on development of residential property market.
- real estate;
- contract of individual share;
- bank guarantee;
- responsibility insurance;
- financial stability;
Analysis of the existing methodologies for assessing functional obsolescence (depreciation) of real estate (commercial use) recommended procedure for determining the value of the functional obsolescence of commercial real estate .
- Commercial property;
- moral deterioration;
- functional obsolescence;
- cost estimates;
- method of making adjustments;
- functional longevity of the building;
The paper contains the analysis of main theses of Critical Chain Method and Production Line Method of construction. Adaptation of these two methodologies in the integrated process of construction schedule calculation for the purpose of the synergetic effect from their combination getting is demonstrated. The result of this work is the fact, that application of Critical Chain Method for the schedule calculation for the works organized in the construction production lines allows to predict the timely project implementation with the higher probability
- Critical Chain Method;
- Production Line Method of Work Organization;
- organizational and technological reliability;
- statistical modelling of work schedules;
The article is devoted to theoretical and experimental research in the field of energy efficiency of residential buildings, and the problem of energy saving through the development and implementation of targeted programs on energy efficiency in the housing stock over the long term.
- energy efficiency;
- housing stock;
- energy saving;
- urban development;
The most important element of the land market of the Russian Federation is a segment of the municipal land market, which has a significant impact on the Russian economy, and especially on the development of housing. At the moment problem is the question of the functioning of the municipal market auction sales of land for housing. Land, owned by municipalities, citizens and legal entities may acquire ownership exclusively at auction for a fee osnove. The income from the sale of land by means of auctions are a significant source of revenue budgets of the state and municipal levels. Research in the municipal market auction sales of land for housing may contribute to improving the living conditions of citizens and contribute to the formation of the budget of the municipalities.
- the municipal budget;
- land market;
- auction sales;
Article is devoted to the management of federal property. Based on the analysis of various forms of management of land and property complexes proposed methods to identify the most effective, taking into account the factors of business risk.
- business risks;
- management of federal real property;
- land-property complex;
- investment and construction projects;
The article investigates the potential for raising the efficiency of spatial and territorial development. The focus of the potential population of mature age and possible solutions to the problem of capitalization of their material and intellectual assets.
- urban environment;
- spatial restructuring;
- strategy development;
- organizational and economic mechanism;
- strategic formula;
- people of mature age;
Article is devoted to the emergence of single-industry unpromising objects of the real estate and solving problems related to their rehabilitation
- unpromising objects and single-industry town-forming enterprises;
- “locomotives of development’;
- targeted programs;
Urban renewal of residential development (hereinafter - URRD) is one of the priority problems to be solved in order to improve quality of life of our citizens. In this paper authors consider URRD as systematic, targeted, controlling actions of government, business and local community on relations in investment, construction and residential sectors in order to ensure efficient and effective functioning of territorial resources (housing, urban infrastructure). It is necessary to carry out measures directed to solve the problems of dilapidated housing, construction of modern comfortable residential buildings and modernization of existing engineering infrastructure in every region of the Russian Federation. In order to solve the problems like these certainly large investments are required and not always municipal and regional budgets can afford it. To develop measures for URRD it is necessary to analyze current situation in the region, to identify problem situations in renewal sphere, to determine factorial space influencing on renewal process. In this paper solution of above mentioned problems is based on practice of Archangelsk city. Complex analysis of residential area of Arkhangelsk as well as analysis of domestic scientific publications relating to development of regional housing market have allowed organize factorial space that influences on renewal process. Complex of factors identified within the region and the city defines basic problems in sphere of urban renewal: organizational, economic, financial, technical, social, environmental. Identified problems made it necessary to develop a system of measures aimed at its solution and achieve objectives basic of which are the following: creation of comfortable living environment; attracting investments to the territory by increasing of its investment appeal; creation of conditions for effective management of residential areas. As a result a complex of measures is proposed, that in accordance to the authors opinion should provide formation of a comfortable living environment due to reasonableness of administrative decisions made by regional and local authorities in the development and implementation of strategic documents of territorial development of a large city.
- housing policy;
- housing renewal;
- housing area;
- urban area;
- management system;
The article describes the new standards of modern living. The concept of “housing the elevator.” Given the mechanisms of its implementation.
- real estate;
- innovative technology;
- the space of life;
- housing lift bridge foundations;
- participants investment and construction activities;
Considering the operation of the investment and construction of the complex, we can not ignore the question on creation and development of the territorial land and property complex from the standpoint of not just the aggregate participants and a single integrated system of corporate governance of large, complex multidisciplinary project property. The system approach focuses not only on the study of the properties of individual components, parts, but also to identify and research of effects of the system as a whole, the selection of links that operate independently while system elements ensure the achievement of common goals. From the point of view of scientific logic, this method can be characterize as the most comprehensive, accurate and reliable, able to prove the feasibility of theoretically organizational and economic decisions.
- organizational and economic cluster;
- systematic approach;
- territorial and property complex;
- corporate governance;
- monoprofile property;
Russia is born a new and promising direction of development of recreational resources in the coastal areas (Black Sea coast, the coast of the Baltic Sea, large reservoirs, etc.) - the creation of artificial territories directly into the sea at a distance from the shore in the form of artificial island complexes (IEC). A number of preliminary designs is frankly utopian, certainly not possible to implement in an environment such as the Black Sea coast of Russia. At the same time, have some experience of the real design IEC on this coast. The article is devoted to the discussion of problems and perspectives of scientific studies and the design of artificial islands, as well as their legal status.
- wave conditions;
- recreational infrastructure;
- artificial island complexes;
- protective structures;
- artificial island beaches;
- mathematical and physical modeling;
- the legal status of the islands;
The article describes the factors to be considered when planning the life of the building. The proposed factors should be considered in the design process, as most design decisions affect the durability. The term of service shall be taken into account from the earliest stages of design when the customer's specifications drawn up for the construction of the object.
- the life of the object;
- the project activity;
- the environment;
The article deals with current issues related to the problems of financing of capital repairs of housing estate. The methods of formation of funds overhaul. The measures to improve the existing funding mechanisms.
- housing estate;
- the fund overhaul;
- management companies;
- regional operators;
The Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGRS) passes the final stage RICS accreditation number of educational programs developed and implemented at the Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management. This article sets out the policy provisions and conditions of RICS accreditation for educational programs. These requirements are intended to ensure common standards of training courses that prepare graduates for the assessment of their professional competence (APC) in their subsequent accession to the members of the RICS.
- educational programs;
- assessment of professional competence;
Technical and economic information to permit objective unprecedented legal protection of businesses and individuals in the field of construction. Disclosure of the problem, and recommendations with permission of the emerging problems in construction.
- technical and economic information for objective settlement precedents legal protection;
- of businesses and individuals in the field of construction;
The article defines the main directions of development in the regulatory field of construction, management of housing complexes, forensic and valuation activities, land relations. The authors consider the most significant changes to the system of legal regulation aimed at improving the interaction of subjects relations developing at the present stage in the construction industry and related sectors of farming.
- urban development;
- administrative responsibility;
- technical plan;
- GIS utilities;
- housing prices;
- residential lease;
- apartment house;
Many economic processes can be described using mathematical laws, equations and relationships. In particular soliton model of the attractor can be used to describe the economic processes in the investment field.
- synergetic approach;
- soliton attractor;
- economic processes and investment fields;
This article is devoted to topical issues of implementation of innovative technologies in the construction industry. In connection with the growth of construction industry, the creation of new architectural ensembles, high demand for prefabricated residential and commercial property, there is a natural interest in innovative materials and technologies. One of the most important elements of a successful implementation in the construction of innovative materials and technologies is a clear evaluation structure of the construction industry and analysis of its interaction with other sectors (transport, manufacturing etc).
- energy efficiency;
- energy saving technologies;
- renewable energy;
- construction industry;
- environmentally friendly;