Realty: economy, management 4/2016

SECTION 1: FORMAL

Top-Priority Tasks in Improving the Housing and Utilities Policy and Regulation

  • Khovanskaya Galina Petrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) - Chairman of State Duma Committee of Russian Federation on Housing Policy and Housing, Honourable Doctor
  • Samosudova Natal’ya Vasil’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) - Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of Department of Property Construction and Real Estate Management

6-11

Chairperson of the Committee on Housing Policy and Utilities at the State Duma of the Russian Federal Assembly G.P. Khovanskaya reflected on the following issues in her interview: • improvements in the housing law; • reviewing regulatory acts in the housing sector regarding nonprofit tenancy, passed by the State Duma during the past year; • attempts to include apartments in the housing stock; • analyzing the activities of the Agency for Housing Mortgage Lending as an instrument used to assist the creation of the rental housing market, followed by formation of certain commercial apartment buildings; • countering the attempt by businesspeople to create hostels in multi-family houses; • bankruptcies of non-profit housing organizations or housing owners' associations; • settlement of conflicts over payments for the upkeep of a multifamily house (MFH) inhabited both by owners and people living there under subsidized housing contracts; • guaranteed safekeeping of funds accumulated by residents on the accounts of regional operators and on special bank accounts chosen by MFH owners; • adopting a draft bill on monitoring the consumption rates.

  • housing policy;
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SECTION 2: COVER STORY

Analyzing the Performance of Construction Industry in Russia at the Present Stage and Its Development Strategy

  • Grabovyy Petr Grigor’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) - Doctor of Economic Sciences, Head of Department of Property Construction and Real Estate Management

12-19

Not only is real estate viewed in today's Russia as the most important commodity meeting various human needs, but also as incomegenerating immovable equity. Therefore, real estate investments are made with the purpose of making profit in the course of further property operation. The article highlights the strategies of housing construction, urban planning and technical regulation activities as well as innovative development strategies. Also highlighted are some aspects of developing the self-regulation system in the construction industry for the purpose of forming an effective model of nongovernment regulation that would allow to take maximum advantage of the professional community's potential in matters pertaining to higher quality and reliability of building services. Self-regulated organizations (SRO) are to become the very center of competence to formulate effective rules of the game, as part of the dialogue between the government and the industry.

  • self-regulation;
  • technical regulation;
  • urban development;
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SECTION 3: PROPERTY ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT

Substantiation of organizational-economic mechanism of development of a new housing strategy

  • Nezhnikova Ekaterina Vladimirovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering - Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department «Economics and management in construction industry»

20-24

The paper presents Renovating processes as the basis for the reproduction of competitive housing facilities. In this competitive housing projects consists of characteristics such as the quality (technical, organizational, economic, social and psychological characteristics), environmental (ecological location of the object, the process of housing construction, construction site, the construction materials and technologies, built-up and the surrounding area) and consumer price (purchase price (purchase) of housing, the operating costs of the consumer (consumer aggregate costs associated with the operation of housing for the duration of operation)). The author emphasizes that during the renovations activities in respect of housing construction in Moscow should pay more attention to the ecological reconstruction of the activities of a building complex, aimed at increasing the level of environmental safety and comfort of residents living in housing, built- up areas and in areas associated with zones of activity construction companies. To ensure environmental safety activities within the reproduction of housing construction and renovation processes, facilities should be developed based on the principles of comprehensiveness, qualitative and quantitative analysis, systematic. The economic efficiency of the system assess the ecological safety of housing projects depends on the economic impact resulting from the introduction in the construction of housing profile of specific measures to protect the environment. The basic components of an integrated indicator of ecological safety of housing projects are identified.

  • competitiveness;
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Integral Methods of Assessing the Efficiency of Real Estate Project Construction

  • Prykina Larisa Viktorovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) - Doctor of Economic Sciences, professor of Department of Property Construction and Real Estate Management

25-27

Effectiveness is the result of comparing actions, causes and forces of some production processes affecting their end systemic results. Effects are usually determined by certain fragmentary directions of economic, organizational, technological and resource-related activities of a construction enterprise. The effectiveness of each direction may have opposite development vectors. Often the choice of production parameters requires integral estimation of the results of activity related to its potential. It is this method of production activity estimation, disclosing its systemic nature that has been in high demand of late. A construction business should be looked upon as a self-organizing and self-reproducing system ensuring the main principles of construction: • first of all, the principle of mobility as the essential possibility of and readiness for continual redeployment of technological processes, vehicles, devices and workers within the construction site; • secondly, the principle of reaching the goal, i.e. obtaining building products in a preset amount of respective quality, at minimum construction costs; • thirdly, the principle of economic-organizational and innovational resilience of a construction system due to a variety of its states. All principles can be fused into an integral self-organizing body by way of continual assessment of integral states.

  • potential;
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Optimization model of expences for reproductive cycle of construction technic

  • Lukmanova Inessa Galeevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) - Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor of Department of Economics and Construction Management
  • Matveev Nikita Mikhaylovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) - Graduate Student, Department of Economics and Construction Management

28-32

The article is devoted to the inquiry for optimal parameters of processes of the construction machinery reproduction. The cyclical nature of the renewal of the machinery and mechanisms utilized in the production of construction and installation works, the traditions of business turnover and the existing amortization rules do not allow to support the requirements of the construction industry reforming. This requires linking the processes of technological innovations implementation with the programs of reproduction of the fixed assets at the sectorial and regional levels. The scale of reproduction is dictated by the needs in technical equipage of investment and construction activities. In the process of the reproduction cycle a number of tasks were resolved which the author synthesized into a complex algorithm of reproduction of the construction machinery. Its implementation was focused by the author on the optimization of reproduction cycle costs, as well on the economic assessment of the plans of technological development of construction industry and its subjects

  • life cycle;
  • cost management;
  • reproduction;
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SECTION 4: URBAN REGULATION AND MANAGEMENT OF HOUSING AND PUBLIC UTILITIES

Assessing the Influence of Energy Efficient Solutions Used in Major Repair on the Lifecycle of Residential Buildings

  • Fedyaeva Polina Valer’evna - Don State Technical University (DSTU), Rostov State University of Civil Engineering - Postgraduate student, assistant of the Department of "Urban Construction and Management"
  • Sheina S.G. - Don State Technical University (DSTU) - Socialisticheskaya str, 162 Doctor of technical Sciences, Professor, Department of "Urban Construction and Management",

33-38

The article is devoted to theoretical and experimental research in higher energy efficiency of residential buildings and addressing the problem of energy savings during major repairs of multi-family houses. Using a software package, numerical simulation was performed and the efficiency of energy saving solutions for major repairs was assessed. The studies demonstrated that the use of energy efficient technologies is conducive to a longer period of effective facility management and the reduction of operating costs throughout the lifecycle of residential buildings.

  • housing stock;
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Optimization model of expences for reproductive cycle of construction technic

  • Kornilov Pavel Pavlovich - Vladimir State University named after Alexander Grigorieviсh and Nikolai Grigorieviсh Stoletovs (VlGU) - Departmеnt eсonomy and strategiс management, Institute of Eсonomy and Management

39-44

This article deals with the analysis of modern trends in the development of innovative low-rise housing construction in Russia and abroad taking into account the organizational, economic, managerial and technological innovations. A significant drop in household income due to lower availability of credit and housing obsolescence also contributes to the need to find and develop new mechanisms to stimulate the development of innovative and low-rise housing construction through a balanced use of modern organizational and economic, managerial and technological innovation. Solving the problem of balanced development of suburban areas through innovative industrial low-rise residential development will allow for the growing needs of society for improving the living conditions that will contribute to improve the living standards of citizens. The article analyzes the existing typology, modern methods and materials for innovative low-rise residential construction. Examined foreign approaches for innovative residential construction and implementation of the concept of so-called passive houses which distinctive feature is the use of a sufficiently low compared to conventional energy consumption in the operation of the building. Identified the main constraining factors of this market in Russia. Suggested the ways of overcoming these barriers. Formed promising areas of innovation in the sector of housing, including by improving the efficiency of the management of the sector through the organization of an enabling environment: legal, political, economic, technical and other vectors for the development of innovation in the system of relationships of all market participants.

  • life cycle;
  • cost management;
  • reproduction;
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Placement of Technological Facilities within Transfer Hubs

  • Vlasov Denis Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Head of Department, GUP «NI i PI Moscow Master plan»
  • Danilina Nina Vasil'evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) - Candidate of Technical Sciences, Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Engineer, GUP «NI i PI Moscow Master plan»
  • Shirokaya Nataliya Viktorovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) - Graduate Student, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Engineer, GUP «NI i PI Moscow Master plan»

45-50

Shaping a comfortable and safe environment in the territory of transfer hubs is the most important factor ensuring the priority of public transport. Transit oriented development (TOD) is the leading world practice for ensuring a maximally comfortable environment within transfer hubs. One of the approaches under this principle is intensive urban development in such territories. The experience of Moscow suggests that the delivery of large-scale transfer hub projects is impossible without private investments. The author dwells on placement in the territory of transfer hubs of so-called “technological elements” - urban ground public transport terminals, park-and-ride facilities, etc. The said elements largely allow for sustainable development of transfer hubs and formation of comfortable and safe environment within them. Effective functioning of the transfer hub's technological part ensures the solution of an important social task: higher attractiveness of urban passenger transport. In this connection the city faces an important task of groping for a balance of interests: on the one hand, it's the interest of investor aimed at maximizing development performance parameters, and on the other hand, it's the need to ensure the efficiency of the public transport system and to reserve land for the development of public spaces and transport infrastructure. The approaches laid out in the article might be used to prepare regulatory documents for urban planning and design on federal and regional levels; what's more the suggested methodology of identifying the required capacity of park-and-ride facilities can be used in development site planning documentation.

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Indicative approach in management of sustainable development of urbosistem

  • Ovsyannikova Tat'yana Yur'evna - Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building - Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management
  • Nikolaenko Mariya Nikolaevna - Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building - Senior Lecturer, Department of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management

51-56

The article is devoted to the problems of urban areas development and to the use of indicators to measure the achievement of the global goals of sustainable urban development. The increase in the role of cities in the global economy and the growth of scientific interest to the study of the phenomenon of the city are justified. The transformation of the basic urban development concepts is shown. On the basis of the United Nations and other international organizations documents the system of target indicators for sustainable urban development is analyzed. It is proposed to expand the system of indicators of sustainable development by indicators of the urban built environment quality and to use the integrated Index of Urban Built Environment Quality which proposed by the authors as one of the target indicators in the management of urban areas development

  • life cycle;
  • cost management;
  • reproduction;
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Modeling the Processes of Management and Development of Sports and Entertainment Facilities

  • Volkov Boris Andreevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) - Department of Property Construction and Real Estate Management

58-63

Developing sports and physical fitness, as part of the general government socioeconomic policy, is geared at meeting the challenges related to human capital growth and raising the living standards by boosting mass sports and physical education. The general potential of mass sports and physical fitness chimes with promoting such national interests as Russia's participation in global competition through higher quality of life and health, higher productivity of labor, combat readiness of the Armed Forces, strengthening of national peace and harmony, building a positive image of the Russian nation in the international community. One of the top priorities is building a modern sports industry to steer the burgeoning demand of the population for fitness and sports services, effective communication between their producers, providers and consumers, development of sectoral markets and unlocking of the mass sports commercial potential while preserving the social functions of sports, including their affordability for general public. The established practice disables a timely and comprehensive response to changing structure and dynamics of the demand for fitness and sports services, impeding the implementation of business-oriented solutions allowing fitness and sports organizations and owners of sports facilities to generate offbudget income from their main business activity. he model of sports and entertainment infrastructure development and management prevalent in this country conserves the subsidizing nature of fitness culture and sports which mainly address social challenges.

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Raising the Efficiency of Investment Activities of Construction Firms in Social Infrastructure Facilities Using a Value- Oriented Approach

  • Chubarkina Irina Yurevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering - Post-graduate student, senior lecturer, Departament of Construction Organization and Real Estate Management

64-68

The given article is devoted to relevant issues of implementing in the construction industry of a strategy named “value innovation”. Companies focused on the implementation of innovations are not concerned over the product cost reduction, differentiation and (or) development of a specific market segment, investing all their efforts into the search of fundamentally new and effective technologies as well as the design of required but undeveloped products and methods of construction organization. The company’s main thrust is in forestalling the potential competition and filling of the market niche where competition either lacks or is insignificant. Various approaches to a relatively effective management of competition are used nowadays, both traditional and nontraditional, since competition is tough in some segments of the construction industry(traditional segments), while there is also certain market space still free from competition (nontraditional segments). The given article purports to develop a set of measures facilitating effective management of the company’s competitive ability while planning and delivering construction projects in the area of social infrastructure and smart housing. Also presented in this article is the strategy named the “blue ocean strategy” which is distinct in that it lacks any aspiration to beat the existing competition.

  • strategy;
  • effectiveness;
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SECTION 6: DOMESTIC AND OVERSEAS EXPERIENCE

Specifics of Housing Construction in Vietnam and Its Outlook

  • Doan Zyong Khay - Hanoi Civil Engineering University - Head of Department of Expertise and Real Estate Management

69-73

Housing construction is one of the top priorities in the policy of Vietnamese Government, given its political-economic and social significance in national urbanization. If this challenge is met positive momentum is created for addressing other socioeconomic problems. Prior to the economic reform of 1985 the Vietnamese government had performed the functions of investor, distributor, manager and operator of the national housing stock, as was the case in other socialist economies. The Vietnamese Constitution endorsed by the Assembly of People's Representatives in 1992 and the new Land Code approved in 1993 formed the legal framework for the development of the real estate market in Vietnam. The reform began with the sale of public housing, rent rise and involvement of the private sector in housing construction. As of 01 June 2016, according to the Vietnamese Construction Ministry, 59 investment-construction projects from 26 provinces and cities were granted loans. As the new Housing Code took effect starting on 01 July 2015, commercial housing developers had to allocate part of their land with essential infrastructure in place for the development of social housing. The law also bound developers to dedicate at least 20% of total social living space for long-term lease to people of scanty means and to sell this housing to them after 5 years of rent. The government policy is mainly aimed at forming the market of affordable budget-class housing meeting the energy efficiency and sustainability requirements.

  • housing construction;
  • population;
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Forming the Portfolio of Orders for Investment and Construction Businesses in Special Economic Zones

  • Lynyakov Mkhail Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) - Doctor of Economic Sciences, professor of Property Construction and Real Estate Management
  • Gnevanov Mkhail Vladimirovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) - Graduate Student, professor of Property Construction and Real Estate Management

74-77

At the current stage of market evolution, it is necessary to revise the principles of forming a portfolio of orders by investment-construction firms. Many building contractors do not utilize the optimal methods of forming their portfolios with regard for market factors: they normally take into account only the prices on construction products while ignoring the systemic forecast of the construction market dynamics. However, any building contractor should plan its development strategy with due consideration for its own potential, the efficiency parameters of investment-construction projects and factors of the market of building services. While forming their portfolios in special economic zones, investment and construction enterprises must take into account all particulars of regulation for building contractors operating in said territories. Thus, given a number of tax breaks and preferences as well as the opportunity to make preparations for the delivery of investment projects being part of their portfolios, the SEZ resident involved in construction investments is granted the opportunity not only to streamline its activities and save financial and human resources, but also to benefit from an additional economic effect. In their turn, people living in the territories of special economic zones get high-quality residential, production and social infrastructure in no time, thus raising their living standards and quality of life.

  • construction;
  • investments;
  • project;
  • effectiveness;
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Technical and economic aspects of the expert examination of reconstructed buildings

  • Butyrin Andrey Yur'evich - The Russian Federal Center of Forensic Science of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation - Head of the Laboratory of Construction Forensics, DSc (Law)
  • Danilkin Igor' Anatolevich - Ministry of Internal Affairs Russia across Moscow - the head of department construction technical expertizes - Deputy chief of the expert and criminalistic center of General Directorate

78-81

The world experience testifies to the fact that conservation and renewal of the available housing stock is the top priority at the time when the housing problems are particularly acute. This means enhanced focus on the repair and reproduction policy at all management stages. Despite the constant refinement of financial mechanisms of property renovation, ubiquitous attraction of private investments and the funds of housing owners, renovation of transport infrastructure as well as residential developments and public utilities are still largely financed from budgetary funds. The given article highlights the specifics of examination of refurbished buildings, conditioned on their uniqueness, diversity of flaws and defects, their average life, complexity of inspection, distinctness of design briefs and a number of other factors. The authors justify the need to devise an integrated multi-objective approach to studying construction assets under review and come up with an optimal list of problems that must be investigated and solved.

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SECTION 7: LEGAL AND SOCIAL ASPECTS

Specifics of Judicial Building-Technical Expert Examination to Determine the Solidity of Structures: Identifying the Key Hallmarks and Criteria of Solidity

  • Sirazetdinov Rustem Maratovich - Kazan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering - Doctor of Economic Science, Assistant Professor, Head of Department of Expertise and real estate management
  • Mavljutova Alina Ravilevna - Kazan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering - Graduate Student, Assistant of Department of Expertise and real estate management

82-87

Under review in this work is the specifics of judicial building-technical expert evaluation on matters related to assessing the solidity of structures. Problems, difficulties and contradictions in this building- technical survey are revealed; most are caused by the lack of any universally accepted expert evaluation methodology as well as by discrepancies and inaccuracies in the terms and concepts of construction industry. The authors analyze the relevant regulation in construction as well as provisions of some regulatory documents related to the subject of research, reviewing the forensic practice. In the course of detailed analysis of the established practice of legal proceedings the authors made an attempt to form a quality criteria base for assessing the solidity of structures for the purpose of recognizing objects as solid (or temporary). Drawing on the regional judicial practice in construction, regulatory documents and effective regulatory base, the authors could formulate a generalized definition of the capital construction object that does not contradict the relevant Russian law and containing a number of solidity hallmarks. The conclusions resulting from the research done could be helpful for judicial authorities, managing directors of state-run and non-government forensic science institutes, forensic experts in construction, land title and built property owners.

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SECTION 8: IN THE REALM OF EXCITING THINGS

The Architecture of Ancient Rome

  • Kurakova Oksana Anatol'evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) - Candidate of Economic Sciences, Assistant Professor of Department of Property Construction and Real Estate Management
  • Khomyak Nikolay Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) - Student, Department of Property Construction and Real Estate Management

88-92

The given article represents a short excursion into the history of architecture of Ancient Rome, one of the greatest civilizations ever. The author puts limelight on the development of architecture in Ancient Rome from its cradle (VII century B.C.) to the decline of the Roman Empire (V century A.D.). The given period of time is traditionally divided into three periods: Etruscan-Archaic, Republican and Imperial, each having its own specifics and meaning for ancient Roman architecture. Highlighted for each of the periods is the urban planning policy, technical specifics of construction, most frequently used building materials, standard buildings and structures, their structural and layout solutions as well as edifices that later became architectural memorials preserved until now and representing the true image of Ancient Rome.

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