The author describes the information model of the resource and technological support of the residential stock's energy rehabilitation, developed for economic assessment of mandatory energy efficiency measures. The unified resource-oriented process model (ROPM) of construction, installation and repair works represents a specifically processed (aggregated) set of material and labor resources based on the data on representative facilities, the said set remaining unchanged during a long period of time.
The article is devoted to distinguishing characteristics of setting the tasks, composition and volume of front-end engineering and design in the process of industrial modernization or reengineering. The specifics of front-end engineering and preparatory measures are compared from the perspective of defining the structure and scale of revamp transformations. Organizational links are established between the tasks of front-end engineering analysis, the structure of design solutions and the planning of construction operations. Dependencies are determined between the parameters of revamped facilities, their technical condition, wear, structure and content of design solutions. The author proposes some classifications of front-end engineering and design measures influencing the mechanism, timelines and terms of this process, revealing their hierarchy. By applying these classifications one can get a certain social and economic effect in the period of preparation for construction operations. Also highlighted are the specifics of collecting source data for design in situations related to integrated industrial redevelopment or regeneration. Briefly described are survey methods most often used in industrial reengineering; also disclosed are the structure and objectives of the survey of territories adjacent to renovated buildings, found in most case studies of industrial reengineering in respect of industrial facilities located inside the established urban development areas. The article highlights the survey and assessment of existing industrial site improvements and establishes the link between the established conditions of an integrated industrial territory, its functionality, stages and criteria of choosing architectural-construction solutions and technologies used in subsequent construction operations. Also described are issues related to high-profile industrial facilities and engineering structures that are of even greater importance at the time of revamping. The functionality, scale and architectural-construction solutions of such facilities are even more diverse than the typology of industrial facilities. A special consideration is given to front-end engineering and design related to industrial clusters located within the same territory. Briefly disclosed is the compositional challenge in the process of reengineering.
The article highlights the matters involved in forming environmental predilections during the assessment of property location. The authors tried to analyze, to what extent real urban landscaping improves the quality of human environment as one of the key indicators of successful eco-development. On the example of Moscow and other major world capitals they show that “green” predilections are dependent on the state of urban environment and landscaping. Also reasons are given, why transport accessibility proves a more important criterion in Moscow, than landscaping. In conclusion the authors give the general characteristic of Moscow landscaping specifics and describe the condition of landscaped territories.
The specifics of administrative relationship between the stakeholders of housing and utilities infrastructure condition the system approach and management by objectives as most appropriate policies chiming with the set objectives of municipal infrastructure development. One of the essential prerequisites for selecting the managerial toolkit is the justified necessity to take into account, as criteria in choosing optimal managerial decisions, various efficiency forms and parameters, including social, economic, environmental and other efficiency indicators. In this context the management by objectives planning has a number of advantages in comparison with traditional management methods. Developing the programs of municipal infrastructure development must be considered as an integrated and sophisticated challenge calling for scholarly insights based on advanced methods and tools. The program of implementing proposed approaches to the development of municipal infrastructure as part of housing and utilities policies in big cities must include the following principal stages: forming development goals and task-setting; development and implementation of development activities; reviewing and possible adjusting of the results; fixation of results.
- municipal infrastructure;
The article considers the scientific and practical aspects of the implementation of the design using BIM-technologies to a comprehensive and effective approach to solving real estate problems in the operation of buildings and structures. The basis of innovative design is the need to achieve accuracy, transparency of the project, created to further ease operation of buildings and structures, the ability to control the project at all stages of implementation at any time by both the Management Service and the residents. The ultimate goal of using BIM-technology is to create an information model needed throughout the life cycle of buildings and structures for the design planning, business, purchase of materials, coordination of work in different parts of the project, logistics, installation and assembly, construction and operation of transmission. BIM-technology allows to combine information, which already owns the organization, with the new knowledge that appear in the company during the transition to BIMsystem. It enables data exchange between existing enterprise systems and BIM-model. The key point is that the information model becomes a data provider for the procurement systems, scheduling systems, project management systems