Realty: economy, management 1/2017

SECTION 1: FORMAL

Problems of Implementing the Quality Control System in Industrial Construction Using the International Quality Management Standard

  • Grebenshchikov Vladimir Sergeevich - National Research University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) - Candidate of Economics, Assistant Rector), Doctoral Candidate

6-11

Growing technical and technological complexity of industrial construction objects as well as the increasing internationalization of construction activities, resulting in the use of technical personnel, building materials and equipment from different countries and regions in the construction process, as well as larger volumes of work at industrial real estate objects and a widening range of specialized works lay higher requirements for the quality management system which must be consonant with the interests of all stakeholders of the construction contract, including the client, developer-builder, contractor, supplier as well as technical oversight services of the design company and owner. The above-listed factors were the main reason for developing the integrated international quality, environment, occupational and health safety standards in construction (ISO 9001-2008, ISO 13001, OH SAS 19001).

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SECTION 2: COVER STORY

Changes in the Organization of Housing Construction Resulting from Implementation of an Exhaustive List of Administrative Procedures

  • Kostrikin Pavel Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) - Candidate of Economic Sciences senior lecturer

12-18

The most important factor influencing the organization of construction works in any country is the list and order of administrative procedures, accompanying the project: from land allocation and beginning of design to its commissioning. In 2014 the Russian Government decreed an exhaustive list of administrative procedures in housing construction as a unified register. A number of experts and public officials stated that these measures must result in the housing construction cost reduction at least by 40%. Indeed, the number of procedures imposed on the developer in the cause of an investment-construction project has notably dwindled. The author reviews the actual changes from the standpoint of their real effectiveness and economic consequences. The analysis of the newly enacted procedure of passing administrative procedures in the construction of a model (benchmark) residential multi-family project in Moscow showed that the maximum possible total time for these procedures (under the best of circumstances) can roughly be cut by 58 business days or 86 calendar days. The author figures that the given positive changes, even if complemented by the declared reduction of direct expenditures incurred by the developer, due to the elimination of some earlier existing pro- ► cedures, may lead to the construction cost reduction only by 1.26%, which is a far cry from the level declared by municipal officials. Key words: organization of housing construction, administrative barriers (procedures) in construction, construction term reduction, construction cost reduction

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SECTION 3: PROPERTY ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT

Organizing Rental Relations of Shopping (Shopping and Leisure) Centers

  • Abdrazakov Fyarid Kinzhevich - Saratov state agrarian University. N. And. Vavilov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor Department of Construction, heat and energy supply
  • Pomorova Anna Vasilyevna - Saratov state agrarian University. N. And. Vavilov - Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Department of Construction, heat and energy supply
  • Medvedeva Natalia Lyevovna - Saratov state agrarian University. N. And. Vavilov - Сandidate of technical Sciences, Associate Department of Construction, heat and energy supply

20-23

In recent years the commercial real estate sphere in Russia has undergone significant changes. As of today the commercial real estate market can be described as one of the most promising and rapidly developing markets in the office, retail, industrial and hotel segments, which leads to the growing investment activity of Russian and foreign investors. Development of the market economy in Russia resulted in consider able changes in the retail segment. Increasing the number of retail outlets ends in their integration into a peculiar systems called shopping centers. Such centers attract a large flow of shoppers and enjoy a higher footfall. Reviewing the terms of lease in existing shopping (shopping and leisure) centers of Saratov revealed possible solutions for fixing the rental rate for various tenants.

  • rent;
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Identifying the Main Efficiency Criteria for Construction Enterprises and Estimating their Relationships

  • Danilkin Igor' Anatolevich - Ministry of Internal Affairs Russia across Moscow - Deputy chief of the expert and criminalistic center of General Directorate, the head of department construction technical expertizes

24-29

The construction market is a complex form of building economic relationships between investors, designers, builders, suppliers and end owners. With a large number of building firms acting in an uncertain environment and running certain risks, the market of construction products and services in their relationships, to a large extent, represents a self-regulated system. Nevertheless, each construction enterprise has its own background and foundation goals, form of incorporation, headcount, production and financing specifics. This should be naturally taken into consideration in the activities aimed at raising the operational efficiency. To manage the performance efficiency of construction enterprises, basic criteria affecting it need to be identified. Under the performance or operational efficiency of construction enterprises the author understands the consistent development, making and implementing managerial decisions aimed at the introduction of innovations, increase in cost effectiveness, productivity, yield and quality, along with meeting the requirements of sustainability for construction and building products. The significance of efficiency criteria varies depending on the form of incorporation, size and specialization of a construction enterprise. To increase the efficiency of large building firms, it is necessary to improve all above-mentioned criteria systematically and consistently. In the meantime, mediumsized and small business set a significantly narrower range of goals and highly prioritize the criteria of yield, cost effectiveness and productivity, followed by quality and innovations, by sustainability.

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Shaping Comfortable Urban Environment

  • Telichenko Valeriy Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of "Construction of thermal and nuclear power facilities"
  • Benuzh Andrey Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) - Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of Department "Complex safety in construction"
  • Mochalov Il'ya Valer'evich - f LLC "Ilya Mochalov and Partners"; Moscow Association of Landscape Architects, (MOLA) - Landscape Architect, General Director; Chairman of the Board

30-33

Urban development activities, inevitable in a big city, in some cases cause the rise of an unstable natural-anthropogenic system in the urban environment. Of utmost importance is proper interaction between the natural and artificial milieus in big cities and their zones of influence. To preclude environmental strain in megacities, urban planners refine their approaches, harnessing contemporary green technologies, such as green roofs. The given article is devoted to the particulars of using the green roof technology in Russia. The readership is treated to the overseas and domestic experience in using the green roof, prerequisites for and mechanisms of its implementation in people's everyday life. The statistics showing the number of green roofs in the world is given. A special emphasis is placed on the existing regulatory framework in energy efficiency and environment control in Russia, restraining factors for massive introduction of roof greening are defined as well as ways of the green roof improvement. Development trends and methods of raising the economic attractiveness of green roofs are reviewed.

  • energy efficiency;
  • ecology;
  • urban environment;
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Assessment and management of organizational and technological risks of investment and construction projects

  • Belyakov Sergey Igorevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) - Candidate of Economic Sciences, Professor of Department of Property Construction and Real Estate Management
  • Okhvatova Ekaterina Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) - Student, Department of Property Construction and Real Estate Management

34-38

In the present article we reviewed the particulars of analyzing, taking into account and managing organizational and technological risks, including the insufficient elaboration on the design specification, the lack of skilled personnel in design bureaus, the use of geological surveys made more than 2 years ago in the process of design, the lack of exhaustive data on the levels of operation, low-quality logistics, violating the standard operating procedures, etc. Based on the conducted analysis of organizing the processes of managing the investment-construction project at various stages of its planning and delivery as well as identifying the key structural-organizational links between the project stakeholders, the key organizational and technological risks within the most significant management processes were identified. The results of expert assessment of the probability and potential level of impact of the key organizational and technological risks were obtained. Based on the analysis conducted, most significant organizational and technological risks were identified; also new directions and areas of developing measures to minimize the given types of risk were proposed.

  • risk management;
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SECTION 4: URBAN REGULATION AND MANAGEMENT OF HOUSING AND PUBLIC UTILITIES

Quantitative Methods of Identifying Cluster Structures in City Planning

  • Belov Artem Sergeevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) - Graduate Student Department of Property Construction and Real Estate Management

39-42

Despite the seeming simplicity of the cluster concept, the identification and monitoring of clusters is no trivial task. Clusters are not monitored by statistical services or stakeholders of civil-law relations; the list of participants is extremely volatile in clusters as it keeps changing as time goes by. Two methodologies are widespread in the West: 1. Methods developed by the European Cluster Observatory in EU nations; 2. Cluster Mapping Methodology by Harvard University in the US. The methodology of the EU is easy to use, implying calculation based on the statistical information of three quantitative clustering criteria: cluster specialization, cluster size and cluster focus. The American methodology is more complex and sophisticated in calculations which are based on cluster methods of searching for structure in sectors of municipal economy. Both statistical data and professional networking data as well as “input-output” matrixes are used as source data for clustering. Russian researchers also tap into foreign experience, complementing it with their own developments. Most often they use the experience of the EU Cluster Observatory, given that statistical analysis methods are practically applicable and affordable. A number of scholars complement these calculations with the factor analysis of economic sectors. Quantitative methods of cluster identification can be used to identify and monitor clusters and their participants in the urban environment for deeper investigation of this form of industry organization.

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Innovative Tools in Planning and Optimization of Outlay on Major Repair of Multi-Family Houses

  • Shuvalova Svetlana Nikolaevna - Far Eastern State Transport University - Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor Department of Building constructions, buildings and facilities"
  • Bykova Svetlana Alekseevna - Far Eastern State Transport University - Lecturer of Department of Economics

43-46

Social tension in the sector of housing and utilities, expressed in a large number of applications from citizens to all public authorities on matters of housing and utilities, keeps rising. With two thirds of the Russian population affected, this is a very important issue. An unfavorable condition of the housing stock is aggravated by underperformance of the routine repair, which accelerates the formation of worse defects requiring expensive major repairs and sometimes even renovation, which pushes up the repair costs. The article highlights the main problems related to planning and execution of the major repair works in multi-family houses (MFH). An innovative toolkit in the form of an automated information system is proposed, as a way to address management, economic and engineering problems in the national housing and utilities industry. Thus, using the graphical evaluation and review technique, the gradation of defects is proposed on the following MFH elements: load-bearing structures, cellars, facades and balconies. Also needed is another innovative tool in the form of an automated information system which will not only address the problem of collecting all available data including updates for the GIS HUI site through integration with other software systems used in the housing and utilities industry, but would also make calculations using new methods.

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Reliability Problems in Property Repair and Revamping

  • Manukhina Lyubov’ Andreevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) - Candidate of Economic Sciences, Department Construction of Organization and Real Estate Management
  • Lukinov Vitaliy Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) - Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Department Construction of Organization and Real Estate Management

47-50

The organizational-technological reliability in construction is the capability of preserving the operational parameters within the set limits and arriving at the planned result under preset production conditions. Repair and revamping are resource-intensive works, so it is necessary to raise their efficiency using new approaches. The effectiveness of managing a range of works for property preservation and reproduction must increase for this goal to be attained. [1] Enhancing the organizational-technological reliability can be made effective with the help of competent mathematical tools for justifying the strategy of repair works. For the construction strategy to function smoothly, reliability losses in property repair and revamping need to be taken into account. It is this issue that the given article puts limelight on.

  • effectiveness;
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Optimizing the Distribution of Expenses on Daily Management of Timeliness of the Works Execution

  • Bolotin Sergey Alekseevich - St. Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of Department of Organization of Construction
  • Dadar Aldynkys Khunaevna - Tuva State University (TUU) - Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department "Urban Management"
  • Magamadov Ruslan Alzurovich - St. Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering - Postgraduate student of the Department of Construction Engineering

51-56

The main purpose of daily management of construction is ensuring the timely execution of the works. Timeliness is one of the three factors determining the effectiveness of construction. Untimely execution of construction works, defined via entropy, indicates the need of involving such additional managerial energy for organizing the construction process, which would rule out the untimely execution of works that was the case in the past. The given factor provokes the growing consumer cost of end products and affects the quality. The daily expeditious management presupposes continual impact upon the timely execution of planned works, using such tools as keeping executive documentation reflecting the actual execution of the work schedule, which allows to identify any disagreement with the planned dates. To minimize this disagreement in the future, construction management subjects must accordingly influence the construction process. The multiple nature of numerous regulatory functions is represented by overhead items, with a timely course of construction depending on their intensification. The author identifies and justifies eight items of overhead costs which directly affect the quality management of construction. In certain cases, the list presented can be modified by excluding some items and adding others which indirectly help addressing the issue of untimely execution of works. Proposed in the article is a model of optimal redistribution of the given expenditures indirectly related to the daily management of timely execution of construction works, which is accompanied by a block diagram showing conventionally the stepwise execution of construction works. Optimizing the cost distribution is complemented by respective expert evaluation methodology, since the task falls under the category of hardly formalized ones.

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Multiple Criteria Analysis in Major Repair of Multi-Family Houses

  • Korol' Oleg Andreevich - National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (NIU MGSU) - Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department "Housing and Communal Complex"
  • Kuznetsov Gleb Sergeevich - National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (NIU MGSU) - Master Student of Department "Housing and Communal Complex"

57-61

The major repair of multi-family houses (MFH) is based on the key principles of keeping the technological maintenance sequence: technical investigation (engineering survey), design, production of works, technical oversight, acceptance. They ensure the reaching of the set fireproof parameters for a building as a whole and its elements, the load bearing capacity of foundations at the stage of works' produc- tionand subsequent operation; using modern technological and environmentally friendly materials reducing the future maintenance and repair expenditures, and keeping the set quality standards at that; raising the responsibility of the customer (builder, investor) for keeping the respective requirements of regulatory documents at all stages of major repairs, keeping the environmental and technological safety standards, protecting the life and health of citizens, the assets of individuals or legal entities, state and municipal assets, precluding any activities leading the owners, users and consumers astray. Major repairs do not result in any change in the property maintenance service, but if major repairs are not timely done for some reasons, the residual operation resource of a building is depleted, which later increases the outlay on repair and maintenance operations. The departmental construction standards set the minimum duration of effective operation of buildings of various designations and structural specifics. The Russian regional authorities are empowered to make independent decision son the procedure of monitoring the technical condition of MFH, creating a regional operator, the terms of providing the government support for doing major repairs, the procedure of preparation and approval of regional major repair programmes as well as other matters, such minimum investments in major repairs, etc.

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SECTION 5: STRATEGIC PROPERTY DEVELOPMENT PROBLEMS

Shaping the Living Environment in Residential Towers with Regard for Local Climatic Factors

  • Kazarnovskiy Valeriy Aleksandrovich - National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) - Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department "Organization of Construction and Real Estate Management"
  • Katina Lyubov' Vladimirovna - National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) - Post-graduate sStudent of the Department "Organization of Construction and Real Estate Management"

62-66

The article highlights one of the relevant issues in high-rise construction: forming residential areas around a residential tower, as an integral part of habitation. The most important objective in shaping an outdoor living environment is creating optimal conditions for dwellers to use curtilage. To raise the level of comfort, enjoyed by residential tower dwellers, we propose to assess the climatic situation. i.e. to review the weather specifics for four seasons. The natural-climatic factors are taken into account consecutively in the process of design. The interconnection of natural and urban development factors is established, followed by the development of protection from their impact using landscaping and beautification elements. We identify the main groups of factors affecting the physical parameters of external living environment and define the arsenal of urban development techniques restricting their impact upon people. For each group of factors, we come up with ways to increase or decrease their impact. This can be done using landscaping, beautification, certain paving materials and small architectural forms. We propose the adjustment of different groups of climatic factors, using the same landscaping methods, decreasing or increasing their impact upon the climatic situation of the residential towels curtilage. These measures are called to enhance the comfort and improve the consumer qualities of high-rise developments.

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New Types of Production; Integration into Urban Environment

  • Pavlova Liya Iosifovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU)

67-70

The modern urban development theory underwent significant changes in two recent decades. The main reason for such rapid changes in scholarly views should be sought in alteration of the economic system. The new postindustrial economic structure laying different requirements for the organization of workplaces, fundamentally altered the idea of urban zoning as well. Engineering and IT companies, various services came to replace giant industrial processing facilities. The rise of postindustrial economy also begat new forms of industrial organization (workplaces). For the first time the concept of cluster emerged. Urban clusters can be divided into export-oriented and local. Conceptually, the placement of these two groups of clusters is very different, albeit interconnected. Export-oriented clusters influence the traffic intensity in the territory under review, gravitation forces, strongly affecting the formation of local clusters. Therefore, to analyze workplaces, it is necessary to identify the dominant functions of clusters. In addition, an important and still open question for researchers is assessing the positive effects of cluster development for the city. The example of Singapore and Bilbao shows that the development of both industrial hi-tech and creative clusters positively affects the municipal economy, social functions, culture and ecology.

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